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|作者：罗琴 文章来源：本站原创 点击数： 更新时间：2006-9-25||
1.当never、 seldom、 hardly、 scarcely、 barely、 rarely、 little、 not、 nowhere 、by no means、 in no way、 at no time、 neither… (nor).等含有否定意义的副词，及短语放在句首时，主谓语序部分倒装。
e.g. Never shall I forget the day when I knew I suffered from cancer.
Neither will theory do without practice; nor will practice do without theory.
Not will I tell you the secret.
hardly had sb. +pp+whem 部分倒装
e.g.Hardly had I left the house when the telephone rang.
3.在以not noly开头的句子中，“not only”后的句子要倒装，“but also”后面的句子不倒装
e.g.Not only he read the book, but also he remember what he had read.
4. “ not until ”后的主句要构成部分倒装。
e.g.Not until he was four years old, could he dress himself.
e.g.Only in this way, can you learn English well.
Only now, does he realize his mistake.
Only when the war was over in 1949, was he able to get back home.
e. g. Only John knows the answer.
6.虚拟倒装：去掉“if”，把“had” ,“should” ,“were”放到主语之前，构成部分倒装.
e.g.Were I a child, I would have no responsibilities.
Had he asked me, I should have gone.
Should it rain tomorrow, the crops would be saved.
e.g.He comes from South Afric, so does she.
I can’t speak Japanese, nor/neither can he.
e.g.--That's Isabel, look!
--So it is.
② 当前面是以and连接的两个并列的分句时，后面用so it is /was with sb.
e.g. I’m a student, and I can speak English. So it is with him.
e.g. He is never late, nor am I.
I can hardly speak French, neither can she.
e.g. So loudly did he speak that he was heard.
1. There be(exist, live, come, etc.)句型
e.g there is a box and some books on the desk.
e.g. Between the two buildings stands a tall tree.
South of the city lies a steel factory.
3.在以out, away, then there, here，away, up, down, off, back, over等副词开头，主语又是名词的句子中，主谓语序全倒装。
e.g.There goes the bell!
In rushed the children.
e.g. There he comes.
Out he ran.
e.g. “Help!” shouted the boy.
“I've had enough ,”said John. e.g. e.g.
e.g. “Why?” the teacher asked him.
“Both, sir.” he answered proudly.
e.g. “You are,”I answered.
adverbial （状语） +as(though) +subject +…
e.g. Much as I like it, 1 will not buy it.
Try as she might, she failed.
Child as he was, he had to make a living.
Note:如果表语是单数名词，应省去“a” or “an”
e.g. Hero as he is, he has some shortcomings.
e.g.Gone are the days when humans live in harmony with nature..
They reached a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.
I．Choose the best answers:
1. If you don't go there,________.
A. so won't I B. nor do I
C. neither shall I D. so don't I
2.--He has passed the exam.
A. So have I B. So I have
C. I have so D. So did I
3. Hardly the bus station when the bus started.
A. has she arrived at B. had reached she
C. did she arrive at D. had she reached
4. it rain, the crops would be saved.
A. Were to B. Would
C. Should D. Could
A. There the bell goes
B. The bell goes there
C. The bell goes there
D. There goes the bell
6. By no means _________ it.
A. I will give up B. will I give up
C. will give up I D. won’t I give up
7. Not until 7:00________.
A. he got up B. he didn't get up
C. did he get up D. didn't he get up
8. the film,1 would have told you something about it.
A. Have I seen B. Had I seen
C. Should I see D. I had seen
9. After that we never saw her again, nor from her.
A. did we hear B. we heard
C. had we heard D. we have heard
10.He is unhappy,________.
A. so is she B. neither is she
C. so isn't he D. nor isn't she
11.--Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother?
--I don't know,
A. nor don't I care B. nor do 1 care
C. I don't care, neither D. 1 don't care also
12. Not until I began to work __ how much time I had wasted.
A. didn't 1 realize B. did I realize
C. I didn't realize D. I realized
13. Little about his own safety, though he was in great danger himself.
A. does he care B. did he care
C. he cares D. he cared
14. Not only polluted but __________ crowded.
A. was tile city; were the streets
B. the city was; were the streets
C. was the city; the streets were
D. the city was; the streets were
15. So that no fish can live in it.
A. the lake is shallow B. shallow the lake is
C. shallow is the lake D. is the lake shallow
16. “It was careless of you to have left your clothes outside all night.”“My God!____________________”
A. So did I B. So I did
C. So were you D. So did you
17.--David has made great progress recently.
-- , and______________
A. So he has; so you have
B. So he has; so have you
C. So has he; so have you
D. So has he; so you have
18. Only by practising a few hours every day______ be able to master the language.
A. you can B. can you
C. you will D. will you
19. Not until all the fish died in the river ________ how serious the pollution was.
A. did the villagers realize
B. the villagers realize
C. the villagers did realize
D. didn't the villagers realize
20. , he doesn't study well.
A. As he is clever
B. He is as clever
C. Clever as he isD. As clever he is